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Santiago de Chile

MEETINGS

Santiago do Chile - May 2004
Inaugural Meeting
 

From May 5-7, 2004, following the invitation of the Brazilian and the Chilean Academy of Sciences, the Science Academies of Latin America held the inaugural meeting of the InterAmerican Network of Science Academies (IANAS). At this opportunity, the Academies, besides discussing and approving the statutes of the network, discussed and also approved the establishment of the first two initiatives of IANAS: the Science Education Programme and the Water Programme. Invited multilateral organizations such as the Organization of American States (OAS), UNESCO and the InterAmerican Bank for Development were also present, presenting opportunities for collaboration.

 

This meeting brought together the National Academies of Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Mexico, Peru, USA, Venezuela, as well as the Presidents of the Caribbean Scientific Union, the Caribbean Academy of Sciences, the Latin American Academy of Sciences, and representatives of the Uruguayan scientific community.


Programme

 

Wednesday, May 5th, 2004 

09:00 INAUGURATION 

Francisco Rothhammer, President of Chilean Academy of Sciences

Yves Quéré, IAP-Co-Chair

Sr. Cristián Cox - Ministry of Education of Chile

   
09:45

Hernan Chaimovich

(Provisional IANAS Council - Brazilian Academy of Sciences)

Presentation of Statutes and discussion

   
11:00
Coffee break
   
11:30 Continued discussion on Statutes
   
12:30 Formal approval of Statutes
   
13:00 Lunch
   
14:30

Session on Water Resources

Chairperson :Harold Ramkissoon (The Caribbean Scientific Union)

José Tundisi (Marcos Cortesão Barnsley Scheuenstuhl)

(Brazilian Academy of Sciences)

Luis Marín (Mexican Academy of Sciences)

A Hemispheric Research Project on Water Resources

   
16:00 Coffee break
   
16:30 Continued discussion of Water Resources Project and Conclusions
   
18:20

Rosa Devés (Chilean Academy of Sciences)

The Inquiry Based Science Education Programme in Chile

   
19:00 Break
   
19:30 Ceremony of Incorporation of Hernan Chaimovich as Member of Chilean Academy of Sciences
   
20:30

Cocktail in Honor of Chaimovich and the Visiting Academy Representatives

Thursday, May 6th, 2004 (Buses will depart from the Bonaparte Hotel at 8:00 a.m.)

   
8:30-10:00

Visit to Schools where the Chilean Academy of Sciences is implementing the Inquiry Based Science Education Project

Return to Academy Building

   
10:30 Coffee Break
   
11:00

Jorge E. Allende (Chilean Academy of Sciences)

Proposal for a Programme of Collaboration on Science Education

General discussion and Conclusions about a Programme on Science Education.

   
13:00 Lunch
   
14:30

Session on New Initiatives

Chairperson : Howard Alper (Royal Society of Canada)

Initiatives of collaborative activities proposed by different member academies.

Short 10-minute presentations.

Academies that wish to intervene must register previously

   
16:30

Coffee Break

Session on Relations of IANAS with International Organizations

Chairperson :Michael Clegg (National Academy of Sciences of the USA)

   
16:45

Alice Abreu - (Organization of American States)

The Science and Technology Program of the Organization of American States. The possible role of the Hemispheric Academies.

   
17:15

Maciej Nalecz Unesco - Paris

The International Program of Basic Sciences of UNESCO. Participation of Academies and the Scientific Community.

   
17:45

Beatriz Macedo OREALC/UNESCO Santiago

The Latin American Program of Science Education

   
18:00

Marta Cehelsky (The InterAmerican Development Bank)

IDB Science and Technology loans : Opportunities for Scientific Institutions.

   
18:30 Transport to the Hotel
   
20:30

Dinner offered by the Chilean Academy of Sciences

Friday, May 7th, 2004

Chairperson : Claudio Bifano (Venezuelan Academy of Sciences)

   
09:00 Election of Chair and Council of IANAS
   
10:00 Plan of Action for the rest of 2004 and approval of the main conclusions of the meeting
   
10:30 Coffee Break
   
11:00 Continued discussion on conclusions
   
12:00 Adjournment

List of Participants

Alberto Giesecke M.
President 
Academia Nacional de Ciencias del Perú
Apartado 14 - 0363 Lima - Peru 
Phone : +51 11 225 6283
Fax : +51 11 224 5144
Email : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Alice Rangel de Paiva Abreu (Observer)
Director Science and Technology Office 
Organization of American States 
1889 F Street NW, Washington DC 20006
Phone : +1 202 458 3368
Fax : +1 202 458 3167 
Email : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Antonio Saavedra-Muñoz 
President 
National Academy of Sciences of Bolivia 
(ANCB) 
Av. 16 de Julio N° 1732 
P.O. Box 5829 - La Paz ? Bolivia 
Phone : +591 2 236 3990 / 231 6776 
Fax : +591 2 237 9681 
Email :This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Claudio Bifano
First Vice-President 
Academia de Ciencias Físicas, 
Matématicas y Naturales de Venezuela 
Palacio de las Academias 
Avenida Universidad 
Apdo. de Correos 1421 
Caracas 1010-A - Venezuela 
Phone : +58 212 482 2954/7513 
Fax : +58 212 484 6611 
Email : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Fernando Galembeck, Representative
Academia Brasileira de Ciencias (ABC)
Rua Anfilófio de Carvalho 29/3 
200030-060 Rio de Janeiro RJ - Brazil 
Phone : +55 21 2220 4794 r. 219/223/228 
Fax : +55 21 2532 5807
Email : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Fernando Urquidi-Barrau, Representative
Academia Nacional de Ciencias de Bolivia
Email : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Gabriel Roldán, Representative
Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales Universidad Católica de Oriente
Rionegro ? Antioquia - Colombia 
Phone : +57 4 531 39 91 
Fax : +57 4 531 39 72 
Email : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Guy F. de Téramond
Member of the Executive Council of the Academy
Ex-Minister of Science and Technology 
Professor ? University of Costa Rica. 
Academia Nacional de Ciencias 
Apartado Postal 1367-2050 
San Pedro, San José - Costa Rica 
Phone : +506 283 4814
Fax : +506 283 4101 
Email : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Harold Ramkissoon
President 
The Caribbean Scientific Union 
C/o Dept. of Mathematics and Computer Science 
The University of the West Indies 
St. Augustine ? Trinidad & Tobago 
West Indies 
Phone : +1 868 663 5812 
Fax : +1 868 645 7132 
Email : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Hernan Chaimovich
Director 
Brazilian Academy of Sciences 
Rua Anfilófio de Carvalho 29/3 
20030-060 rio de Janeiro, RJ - Brazil
Phone : +55 11 3091 3839
Fax : +55 11 3091 3839
Email : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Howard Alper
(Former President ) 
Executive Board 
Royal Society of Canada 
283 Sparks Street 
Ottawa, Ontario - Canada KIR 7X9 
Phone : +1 613 562 5270
Fax : +1 613 562 5271 
Email : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Ignacio Benavent Trullenque, Representative
Academia Nacional de Ciencias del Perú 
Apartado 14 - 0363 Lima - Peru 
Phone : +51 11 225 6283
Fax : +51 11 224 5144 
Email : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Jimmie Sparker, Representative
Academia de Ciencias de la República Dominicana 
c./Las Damas esq. El Conde, 
Ciudad Colonial ? Santo Domingo, DN 
Apartado Postal (P.O.Box) 932 
República Dominicana 
Phone : +809 687 6315
Fax : +809 685 6443 
Email : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
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John Boright 
Executive Director, International Affairs 
National Academy of Sciences 
505 5th Street, NW 
Washington DC 20001 - USA 
Phone : +1 202 334 2804
Fax : +1 202 334 2139
Email : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

José A. Lozano 
General Secretary 
Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales 
Transversal 27 N° 39A-63 
Apartado Aéreo 44 763 
Santafé de Bogota - Colombia 
Phone / Fax : +57 1 268 32 90 / 268 28 46 
Email :This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Luis E. Marín Stilman
Member, Water Network
Academia Mexicana de Ciencias 
c/o Geolooy Instituto de Geofísica
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Ciudad Universitaria 
Mexico City - Mexico CP 04510
Phone : +52 55 55622 4212
Fax : +52 55 55 550 2486 
Email :This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Maciej Nalecz 
Director Basic and Engineering Sciences Division 
UNESCO HQ 
Paris - France 
Phone : +33 1 45683930 / 45683949 
Fax : +33 1 45685821 
Email : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Marcos Cortesao Barnsley Scheuenstuhl 
Office of International Affairs 
Brazilian Academy of Sciences 
Rua Anfilófio de Carvalho 29/3 
20030-060 - Rio de Janeiro RJ - Brazil 
Phone : +55 21 3212 2419 
Fax : +55 21 3212 2401 
Email : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

María del Carmen Samayoa 
President 
Academia de Ciencias Médicas, Físicas y 
Naturales de Guatemala 
13 Calle N° 1-25, Zona 1 
Guatemala City 01901 - Guatemala 
Phone : +502 719 7273 / 130 0080 
Fax : +502 230 0776434 6243 
Email : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
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Marta Cehelsky (Observer)
Senior Adviser for Science and Technology
Sustainable Development Department SDS/SDP
InterAmerican Development Bank
1300 New York Avenue, NW
Washington DC 20577 - USA
Phone : +1 202 623 2176
Fax : +1 202 623 1558
Email : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Michael Clegg
Foreign Secretary 
US National Academy of Sciences 
Office of the Foreign Secretaries 
500th Street, NW 
Washington DC 20001 - USA 
Phone : +1 202 334 2800
Fax : +1 202 334 2139 
Email : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Raimundo Villegas
Chancellor 
Academias de Ciencias de América Latina (ACAL) 
Apartado 17606 
Caracas 1015-A, Venezuela 
Phone / Fax : +58 212 962 1603 
Email : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
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Raúl A. Lopardo 
Vice President 
National Academy of Exact, Physical and 
Natural Sciences, Argentina 
Avenida Alvear 1711 4° Piso 
1014 Buenos Aires - Argentina 
Phone : +54 11 4811 2998 / 4815 9451
Fax : +54 11 4811 6951
Email Secretary: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 
Email Library: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Web site: www.ancefn.org.ar 
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Renato Valdivieso (Observer)
Fundación Polar 
Venezuela 
Email : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Prof. Ricardo A. Velluti  MD, DSc (Observer)
Neurofisiología, Departamento de Fisiología 
Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República 
Av. Gral. Flores 2125 
11800, Montevideo, Uruguay 
Phone :  +59 82 924 3414 ext. 3230 
Fax : +59 82 924 8784 
Email : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Roberto Cignoli
Treasurer 
National Academy of Exact, Physical and Natural 
Ciences, Argentina
Avenida Alvear 1711 4° Piso
1014 Buenos Aires - Argentina
Phone : +54 11 4811 2998 / 4815 9451
Fax : +54 11 4811 6951
Email Secretary: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 
Web site: www.ancefn.org.ar

Roberto Markarian (Observer)
President del Comité Coordinador de Redes 
de Ciencias de Latin America (CCRCLA) 
IMERL, Facultad de Ingeniería 
J. Herrera y Reissig 565 
Montevideo, Uruguay 
Phone : +598.2 711 4462 64
Fax : +598.2 711 5446 
Email : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Sergio Jorge Pastrana 
Foreign Secretary 
Cuban Academy of Sciences 
Capitolio Nacional 
La Habana 12400 - Cuba 
Phone : +53 7 8670 599
Fax : +53 7 338 054 
Email : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Victor Latorre Aguilar, Representative
Academia Nacional de Ciencias del Perú 
Apartado 14 - 0363 Lima - Peru 
Phone : +51 11 225 6283
Fax : +51 11 224 5144

Winston Mellowes
President 
The Caribbean Academy of Sciences 
c/o Faculty of Engineering 
The University of the West Indies 
St Augustine ? Trinidad and Tobago 
West Indies 
Phone : +1 868 645 3232
Fax : +1 868 662 4414
Email : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Yves Quéré
IAP Co-Chair 
Académie des Sciences 
Délégations aux Relations Internationales /23 quai de Conti - 75006 Paris - France 
Phone : +33 1 4441 4547 / 4441 4372
Fax : +33 1 4441 4374 
Email : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 
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CHILEAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES PARTICIPANTS

 

   
Francisco Rothhammer

-President

Servet Martinez

- Vice President

Rafael Vicuña

- Vice President

Tito Ureta

- General Secretary

Juan Asenjo

- Foreign Secretary

Edgar Kausel

- Treasurer

Jorge Allende - Meeting Organizer
Rosa Devés

- Science Education Program

Raúl Manasevich

- Frontiers of Science Program

Nibaldo Inestroza

- Frontiers of Science Program

Chilean Academy of Sciences
Almirante Montt 454 
Santiago Centro 
Phone : +56 2 664 41 96 
Email : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 
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www.academia-ciencias.cl

Beatriz MACEDO (Observer)
UNESCO/OREALC-Santiago 
E. Delpiano 2058 ? Providencia 
CHILE 
Phone : +56 2 472 4600 
Fax : +56 2 655 1046 
Email : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


Statutes

Inter-American Network of Academies of Sciences (IANAS)

The Academies of Sciences of the countries of the Americas, in the spirit of the Inter Academy Panel (IAP), establish an InterAmerican Network of Academies of Sciences, IANAS.

The main goals of IANAS will be:
1. To assist in the building of national scientific capacities by strengthening science and technology relationships among the countries of the Americas, as a tool for societal development;
2. To cooperate in building capacities for the Academies of the region through exchange of information and experience and to aid in the creation of new Academies in those countries of the Americas desiring assistance in the establishment of a Science Academy;
3. To influence the scientific decision-making processes in the Americas, with the goal of promoting prosperity and equity in the Hemisphere.

Such actions shall always be undertaken with due respect for the spheres of activity, competences and interests of the respective national Academies..

I. Members and Organization

I.1. Academies of the countries of the Americas, with science components – such as Social Sciences, Engineering and Health Sciences - may be members of IANAS provided they represent national scientific communities through a peer selection process and play an acknowledged nationwide role. Other Academies may apply to become members of IANAS. Acceptance is decided by the General Assembly. 
I.1.1. If a country or region does not have an academy of sciences that is a member of IANAS, an equivalent organization may be admitted to membership.
I.1.2. If a member academy has not participated in IANAS or its programmes and activities for more than three consecutive years, the IANAS Co-Chairs shall consult with that academy and, if the situation of non-activity persist for another two years, propose to the Executive Committee that membership be suspended pending a decision of the General Assembly on the termination of membership. 
I.2. The bodies of the IANAS are the General Assembly and the Executive Committee. 

II. The General Assembly

II.1. The General Assembly is the meeting of the representatives of members of IANAS. The place and date of the Ordinary Session shall be decided by the General Assembly, or, failing that, by the Executive Committee. Each member Academy is invited to send to the General Assembly the President or his or her designate who shall be the voting member in the General Assembly. Member Academies may indicate additional, non-voting members. 
II.2. Other related organizations or individuals from countries lacking academies may, at the discretion of the Executive Committee, be invited as observers to the General Assembly.
II.3. The General Assembly shall, in particular, make the following decisions:
a. Approve general IANAS policies and initiatives; and IANAS programmes and their budgets;
b. Elect new member academies, the IANAS Co-Chairs, the IANAS Executive Committee, and the academy hosting the IANAS Secretariat; 
c. Direct the Executive Committee to carry out specific tasks deemed necessary for achieving the objectives of the IANAS; and
d. Amend these Statutes and adopt rules of procedure governing its own work and that of the other organs of the IANAS.
II.4. The General Assembly shall adopt and may amend these Statutes with a two-thirds majority vote, abstentions not considered a vote.
II.5. The General Assembly may delegate specific tasks or responsibilities to the IANAS Executive Committee.
II.6. Unless explicitly otherwise provided in these Statutes or in rules of procedure, the General Assembly shall decide by a majority vote, abstentions not considered a vote. A vote shall be taken by hand raising if the vote does not relate to a person or persons or by a secret ballot if the vote relates to a person or persons.
II.7. The General Assembly will be held every three years. 
II.8. Travel and living expenses of Academy representatives at General Assemblies or other IANAS activities are the responsibility of the individual Academies. The host Academy and other academies in position to do so will, however, try to provide assistance where appropriate.

III. The Executive Committee

III.1. Composition of the Executive Committee
a) Two Co-Chairs, from Academies of countries with different degrees of development.
b) Seven additional full members 
• One from the Academy that hosts the General Assembly; 
• One from the Academy that will host the next General 
Assembly; 
• Five elected member Academies from countries not represented in the citizenship of the Co-Chairs. 

III.2. The Co-Chairs of IANAS shall be elected as named individuals, though s/he will need to be a member of an Academy that is member of IANAS and that is willing to meet his/her expenses.

III.3. The Executive Committee shall consult members about possible candidates for Co-Chairs, not less than three months before the completion of the term of the existing Co-Chair, and then propose one or more names to the membership for election at the General Assembly. A simple majority of the voting members of IANAS shall determine the outcome.

III.3.1. The Executive Committee shall decide by a majority of votes, abstentions not considered a vote. During meetings a vote shall be taken by hand raising if the vote does not relate to a person or persons or by a secret ballot if the vote relates to a person or persons. Between meetings a vote shall be taken by an electronic ballot with the individual votes of a member to be kept confidential if the vote relates to a person or person.

III.4. The Co-Chairs will serve a term of three years, starting at the date of the General Assembly. For the purpose of ensuring continuity and rotation among the regions, only one Co-Chair may be eligible for re-election. A Co-chair may serve at most two consecutive terms.

III.5. The Co-Chairs shall not be responsible for hosting a General Assembly. The Co-Chairs may invite individuals to work with the Executive Committee on a particular issue. Such individuals shall have no voting rights.

III.6. Other than the Co-Chairs, all members of the Executive Committee are Academy representatives rather than named individuals. The member Academies may choose the representative to the Executive Committee, but should try to ensure continuity of representation, in order to facilitate the efficient working of the Executive Committee.

III.7. The five elected member Academies shall stand down at each General Assembly. At least one of the elected member Academies shall change at each election. The maximum continuous service of a full member of the Executive Committee shall be six years, after which that member shall be ineligible for election for the next three years.

III.8. The Executive Committee meets just before the meeting of the General Assembly in order to finalize its preparation and the newly elected Executive Committee will meet just after the General Assembly in order to implement recommendations of the General Assembly. The Executive Committee shall meet at least once per year between General Assembly meetings.

III.9. The Executive Committee will ensure the continuity between two successive meetings of the General Assembly, implement the recommendations of the previous one, prepare the program of the next one, and represent IANAS through its Co-Chairs or one of its members during the time between two General Assemblies. The Executive Committee is in charge of the relations of IANAS with international institutions (e.g. OAS, UNESCO, PAHO, IDB, IACD). The Executive Committee should follow general guidance from the previous General Assembly, and with potentially contentious issues should consult the member Academies most closely involved. All the actions of the Executive Committee will be communicated to member Academies in a timely manner.

IV. The Secretariat

IV.1 Under the guidance of the IANAS Co-Chairs the IANAS Secretariat shall support the General Assembly and the Executive Committee in the discharge of their respective tasks and responsibilities.

IV.2 The Secretariat shall, in particular, be responsible for:
a. Preparing and organizing all official IANAS meetings;
b. Disseminating relevant materials to member academies;
c. Preparing an Annual Report on IANAS programmes and activities;
d. Maintaining working relations with relevant other organizations;
e. Receiving and disbursing the funds of the IANAS; and
f. Preparing reports and audits on the finances of the IANAS.

IV.3. The IANAS Secretariat shall be hosted by an IANAS member Academy elected by the General Assembly for a term of six years. 
IV.3.1. The term of a host Academy shall be renewed unless in its previous meeting the General Assembly served notice of its intention to elect another host Academy. 
IV.3.2. If the host Academy wishes to terminate its role as host Academy, it shall notify the Executive Committee of that intention at least two years before the date of actually ending its role as host Academy.

IV.4. The Executive Committee may adopt rules and regulations governing the tasks and responsibilities of the Secretariat.

V. The Information Function

V.1. A major function of IANAS is to promote and reinforce the activities of the Academies of the region through exchange of information and experience. One main way in which this is done is through exchange of information about IANAS itself and about its members. Such exchange may be accomplished by whatever means are appropriate, taking account of advances in technology and other sources of information already easily available, and shall be the responsibility of the Co-Chairs. They shall also arrange for and maintain an IANAS website with news about IANAS and direct links to the websites of members.


VI. Programs and Initiatives

Programs and Initiatives are an integral part of meeting the capacity building objectives of IANAS. Programs and initiatives will focus on key issues for the Americas and will promote participation of the members.

Proposals from members of IANAS to the Executive Committee, will be considered on an annual basis. It will be the responsibility of the Executive Committee to determine the feasibility of the program or initiative, as well as to organize its implementation.

VI.1. Programs and initiatives will be coordinated by a chairperson who will be designated by the Executive Committee. Coordinators will submit an annual progress report to the Executive Committee describing the activity undertaken.

VI.2. Upon completion or resignation, a chairperson should submit a progress report about the program or initiative. If appropriate, the Executive Committee will provide a copy of the report to the newly designated person.

VI.3. The Executive Committee is responsible for undertaking the evaluation of programs or initiatives.


VII. Statements and Reports

VII.1 IANAS may issue statements and reports on matters of interest to its members and to policy-makers. 
VII.1.a. It is vital to declare clearly who are the authors of such statements or reports, and to ensure that they are of the quality that IANAS members require. Any statement or report issued under the auspices of IANAS must, therefore, be presented first to the Executive Committee and then to the General Assembly where it can be subjected to collective debate. The Executive Committee can, if necessary, bring to the consideration of all the members statements or reports that require release before the meeting of a General Assembly. An electronic or mail vote must be received from members within 21 days of the initial consultation. Academies not voting will be counted as affirmative votes. Under both conditions (vote in the General Assembly or electronic or mail ballot) a two third majority is required for an IANAS statement or report to be released. 
VII.1.b. The Executive Committee may appoint special committees to develop statements or reports on science and science policy questions of interest to the governments of the Americas. Such committees may be appointed in response from external organizations such as the United Nations, UNESCO or the Organization of the American States. Prior to release, the reports must be approved by the Executive Committee.


Executive Report

Inaugural Meeting of the InterAmerican Network of Academies of Sciences (IANAS) 
Santiago, Chile, May 5 - 7, 2004 

The founding meeting of the InterAmerican Network of Academies of Sciences (IANAS) was held on May 5 - 7, 2004 in Santiago, Chile. Having as a fundamental objective the support of national scientific and technological development in the hemisphere, by increased interaction among the Academies, the member academies agreed to cooperate towards the strengthening of science and technology as a tool for advancing research and development, prosperity and equity in the Americas. The main goals, stated in the statutes of the network, are: to assist in the building of national scientific capacities by strengthening science and technology relationships among the countries of the Americas, as a tool for societal development; to cooperate in building capacities of the Academies of the region, through exchange of information and experience; to aid in the creation of new Academies in those countries of the Americas desiring assistance in the establishment of a Science Academy; and to influence the scientific decision-making processes in the Americas, with the goal of promoting prosperity and equity in the hemisphere.

 

The following Science Academies were represented at the meeting: Latin American Academy of Sciences (ACAL); National Academy of Exact, Physical and Natural Sciences (Argentina); National Academy of Sciences of Bolivia; Brazilian Academy of Sciences; Caribbean Academy of Sciences; Royal Society of Canada; Caribbean Scientific Union; Chilean Academy of Sciences; Colombian Academy of Exact, Physical and Natural Sciences; National Academy of Sciences (Costa Rica); Cuban Academy of Sciences; Academy of Sciences of the Dominican Republic; Academy of Medical, Physical and Natural Sciences of Guatemala; Mexican Academy of Sciences; National Academy of Sciences of Peru; US National Academy of Sciences; and Academy of Physical, Mathematical and Natural Sciences of Venezuela.

The Academies approved the creation of IANAS, and the statutes governing its operation. Dr. Hernan Chaimovich Guralnik (Brazilian Academy of Sciences) and Dr. Howard Alper (Royal Society of Canada) were elected as Co-Chairs of the network for a period of three years. The Academies from Chile, US, Mexico, Venezuela and the Caribbean Scientific Union were also elected as members of the executive board.

Two programmes were established as the first IANAS initiatives: Science Education and Water.

The Science Education Programme, inspired by experiences developed by Academies in the region, will be coordinated by Dr. Jorge Allende, of the Chilean Academy of Sciences. The Chilean Academy is also responsible for coordinating the InterAcademy Panel (IAP) Science Education Programme. This initiative includes a global review of the teaching of science to children at the school level. Science education is the most important way through which societies of all countries learn about science, its values, concepts and objectives, and through which they can understand the importance of scientific endeavor for their cultural and socioeconomic development. There is an urgent need to address the high rates of scientific illiteracy existing in the hemisphere. With an initial five years scope, the general objective of this program is to improve the level and the relevance of science education in the hemisphere, through the active participation of members of Science Academies of the Americas, working together with teachers and educational authorities. Specific objectives are to promote collaboration and synergy in the implementation of science education projects sponsored by Science Academies in the countries of the Americas; to stimulate the sharing of materials and experiences among projects dedicated to Inquiry-Based Science Education (IBSE); to develop common methods, mechanisms and guidelines to evaluate the progress of the individual projects; to create a forum for the discussion of the optimal materials and methods that should be used in science education; and to stimulate collaboration among academies in the organization of science fairs, scientific Olympics and science prizes for children. The initial focus of the program will be on elementary level science education. However, worthwhile activities on secondary and tertiary science education will also be considered. The Academies will appoint a representative to the Hemispheric Council for the IANAS Science Education Programme by June 15, 2004. Each participating Academy will generate a National Committee for the IANAS Programme. These National Committees should include educators and scientists with expertise in the different disciplines involved in science education and should serve as a nexus with the national authorities, with responsibility for science education (Ministers of Education, Science Councils, etc). The National Committees have the responsibility to implement the initiatives that the Academy of their country will propose and to disseminate other activities of the program to insure the participation of the appropriate persons and institutions of that country.

The second initiative will be the Water Programme. Access to clean water is one of the major problems faced by humanity at the beginning of the 21st Century. This problem is exacerbated by a long history of excessive and inadequate use of this natural resource, as well as pollution and increasing demands. The Science Academies of the Americas have decided to establish a regional programme to aid national governments in addressing this matter. The challenges of water scarcity require a vigorous scientific, technological and managerial action in order to: adequately and better use the existing supplies; recover degraded surfaces and groundwater reserves; and secure for the future generations the necessary water resources. It is clear that water scarcity will be a major cause of the loss of opportunity for economic development in the years to come. To face this situation, it is necessary to improve programmes of conservation and to provide scientific and technological tools to assure a more rational use of water supplies. Thus, the development of new strategies for water uses, water recycling, and conservation of rivers, lakes and reservoirs represent a most important challenge. Crucial components to this programme include: capacity building for water resources management; the development of research that will result in new water management strategies; and the education of society on the need for a more rational use of the existing water supplies. The Brazilian and the Mexican Academies of Sciences will coordinate this programme. The Brazilian co-chair will be Dr. José Galizia Tundisi, who also coordinates the IAP Water Programme. The Mexican Co-Chair will be Dr. Luis Ernesto Marín Stillman. A steering committee was established which includes: Dr. Raúl Lopardo (Argentina); Dr. Fernando Urquídi (Bolivia); Dr.Winston Mellowes (Caribbean Academy of Sciences); Dr. Gabriel Roldán (Colombia); and Dr. Ignacio Benavente Trullenque (Peru). The steering committee will, by May 31, 2004, present a detailed action plan for the water initiative.

Finally, it is important to note the positive reception that IANAS received from important multilateral organizations that were present at the meeting. All of these organizations (OAS, UNESCO, IDB, IAP, ICSU) demonstrated a great interest in working together with IANAS. IANAS will be a key player in fostering science and technology in the Americas, and consequently, in enhancing the quality of life of its citizens.